Q: I was retrenched 8 months ago and have used up my redundancy payment to fund mortgage and living expenses. I am 49, married with 2 children, can I access my superannuation? Whilst my mortgage is up to date, my redraw is starting to shrink.
A: Generally, you cannot access your superannuation before reaching your preservation age and satisfying a condition of release such as retirement.
As you were born after 1964, your preservation age is 60.
There are other circumstances that would allow early access to super including permanent incapacity or terminal illness.
In addition to the above, a superannuation fund trustee may release funds if you are suffering severe financial hardship.
Based on your age, in order to be granted early release on the basis of severe financial hardship, you would need to be able to provide written evidence that you have been on Government income support for at least 26 consecutive weeks, and be in receipt of that income support at the time of application for early release.
You would also need to demonstrate that you are unable to meet reasonable and immediate living expenses.
If you qualify under severe financial hardship your superannuation fund can release a minimum of $1,000 up to a maximum gross amount of $10,000. Note early superannuation withdrawals will incur tax on the taxable amount of your benefit of 20 per cent (plus Medicare Levy) as you are under preservation age.
People who are ineligible to access funds on the basis of severe financial hardship can apply to the Department of Human Services to access their super on specified compassionate grounds. Compassionate grounds could include situations such as: preventing foreclosure on your home by a lending institution; medical treatment for yourself or your family; modifications to the family home to accommodate disability; palliative care and funeral expenses for a dependent.
Note that payments for loans, credit cards and expenses not directly related to the grounds for compassionate release are ineligible for consideration. There are no limits to the release of funds for compassionate grounds other than for mortgages that are limited to loan arrears, three months’ worth of future loan repayments and 12 months interest in advance. Tax is still payable on benefits received. Full details are available at www.humanservices.gov.au or phone 1300 131 060.
Unless you have been receiving Government income support for at least 26 weeks, are currently receiving this income support, and have reasonable and immediate living expenses that you would be unable to meet, it is unlikely that you would be eligible to access your superannuation at this time.
Similarly, at this time it would appear that you would not satisfy the requirements for a release of superannuation funds on compassionate grounds.